Maui’s Magnificent Agriculture

When in Hawaii, you have to indulge in pineapple, right?

MAUI, HAWAII — Whenever I visit Hawaii, I fall head over heels — not for the sun, sand or surf, but the fruit.

I scour farmers markets for apple bananas and varieties of mangoes you never find on the mainland. I’ve even made a beeline to the frugal ABC stores for chilled papaya halves, already packaged with a wedge of lime. Because when it comes to fresh fruit in this tropical paradise, I admittedly turn rather fanatical.

So, of course, I jumped at the chance two weeks ago when I was invited to be a judge for the Maui County Agricultural Festival cook-off at Maui Tropical Plantation. In this competition,  presented by the Maui County Farm Bureau and Slow Food Maui, professional chefs were each paired with a local farmer to create a dish that showcased a particular fruit, vegetable or protein raised on Maui.

To first get a better understanding of Maui’s bounty, our hosts from the Maui Visitors & Convention Bureau, gave us a fruit tutorial.

Take a tour of the working pineapple plantation.

Workers plant and pick the pineapples by hand.

It started with a Maui Gold Pineapple Tour, the only working pineapple plantation tour on this island. Price is $65 for adults; $55 for children, ages 5-12. And each person gets to take home their very own pineapple afterward.

Board the “Pineapple Express” bus to get a tour of the fields. There are 1,500 acres planted here — all by hand. An especially efficient worker can plant 7,000 pineapples a day.

Pineapple, which originated in Brazil, actually grow on stalks. It takes two years for a new crop to emerge after it is first planted.  And it takes a surprising 18 to 24 months for the fruit to mature.

For shipments to the mainland, which take 10 days, the pineapples are picked while they still have a little green tinge to them. If they were thoroughly yellow, their shelf life would be non-existent. Pineapples don’t ripen after they’re picked. To judge a good one, give it a thump with your finger. If it sounds hollow, it’s juicy inside.

A pineapple just starting to emerge on the stalks.

The fruit getting larger.

Tasting fresh pineapple in the fields.

We had a chance to try pineapples cut right off the stalk in various stages of ripeness. First up, one with 85 percent sugar and a hint of green coloring. It tasted like what we’re used to in the States — sweet but with a bit of acidity for balance and roundness. Next, one that was entirely yellow with 90 percent sugar. It had a subtle creamy, coconut note, but tasted a little flat because of its lack of tang. Finally, an extremely ripe pineapple with more than 95 percent sugar. It had an explosive pineapple intensity, with an almost fermented quality to it.

Young coconuts, ready to be cracked open for refreshing juice.

Later that afternoon, we had a chance to acquaint ourselves with a few more Maui produce specialties, including Molokai purple sweet potatoes. Grown for three generations by the Decoite family of L&R Farms, these wonderful tubers have red skins, purple flesh, a creamy texture and an almost nutty-vanilla note. They can’t be exported, unfortunately. Instead, you’ll have to get your fill with mashed sweet potatoes served at many Hawaiian restaurants or with bags of sweet potato chips (which you can bring home with you).

Fresh picked taro.

You may know taro (kalo) only from the starchy staple of poi (smashed, cooked taro that has a sweet bean-artichoke flavor). But lately, Hawaii chefs are looking for new ways to use the leaves, which are packed with Vitamin C, as well as its starch, which contains calcium.

Another starchy fruit that was a revelation to many of us was breadfruit. From the outside, the large fruit looks almost like a durian that has had its spikes sanded down.

High in potassium, the starchy fruit has a mild flavor much like a potato crossed with artichoke. It can be steamed, roasted, boiled, fried, pickled, dried or fermented. But the real treat is trying one that is over-ripe. Crack it open, and it’s a gooey, creamy white mess inside. Dip a spoon into the flesh with its pudding-like texture and enjoy a most wonderful vanilla-floral taste. It’s like dessert all on its own.

Two types of breadfruit. There are more than 100 varieties.

If you ever get a chance to try an over-ripe breadfruit, it's a MUST.

Armed with our new knowledge of Maui specialty products, we judges were set to do our judging duties at the festival, now in its fifth year. With live entertainment, food booths and a farmers market, the festival attracts thousands each year.

Peter Merriman (left) and Alan Wong (right) at the Maui Agricultural Festival.

Noted Hawaii chefs Peter Merriman and Alan Wong also were on hand to take the stage.

Our duty was to taste the 12 entries and to choose one winner, who would receive a trophy and bragging rights.

Chef Marc McDowell readying his fabulously juicy porchetta dish for the judges and public.

Porchetta slider with sweet potato chips.

Kona Kampachi crudo with a lot of finesse.

Korean-style beef sushi rolls.

Up on stage, we took bites of each and wrote down comments on the score sheets in front of us. Among the dishes were: Kona Kampachi crudo with chili pepper vinaigrette by Chef Joey Macadangdang of Roy’s Restaurants, Maui; “Korean-Style Beef Jun Sushi” by Chef Tylun Pan of Ko Restaurant in the Fairmont Kea Lani, Maui; “Porchetta Mini Slider with Frisee, Limas and Fingerlings” by Chef Marc McDowell of the Makena Beach & Golf Resort; and “Sweet Potato Ice Cream with Coconut” by Chef Jojo Vasquez of Banyan Tree Restaurant in the Ritz-Carlton Kapalua.

Dreamy sweet potato ice cream with coconut.

Deconstructed Chinese dumpling with taro.

In the end, we were won over by the dish by Chef Sheldon Simeon of Star Noodle and Leoda’s Kitchen and Pie Shop. He created a clever deconstructed Chinese dumpling with taro vinaigrette.

If you’re planning a trip to Maui next year, be sure to time it to the ag fest. After all, at what other event can you taste all 12 premiere chef dishes for a mere $25? Now, that’s a bargain bite.

Tomorrow: Eating Around Maui

And: Four Maui Restaurants Worth Checking Out

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  • Marvelous produces and mouthwatering dishes! I really love pineapples and I’d love to taste breadfruit…



  • Dear Carolyn,

    The porchetta mini slider looks really delicious. What an interesting trip and to be a judge for such an event. I totally love a chilled half of vibrant orange papaya with that squeeze of lime (not lemon!!) juice.

  • That Pineapple Express cracked me up. What a neat tour of the farm.

  • Awww, you make me so homesick for mangoes and papayas! I’m not a fan of breadfruit though. Hope you had a chance to try Star Noodle restaurant beyond your judging. Heard good things about them.

  • Wow, I’ve never been to Hawaii but we’re planning to go for our honeymoon (which is LONG overdue!). Can’t wait to check out all the exotic produce!

  • I so wish that I could visit Maui. A lot of our friends have a vacation there and hear great things about it. Fresh fruits and delicious meals… making me want to visit there soon!

  • So much more of Maui used to be planted in pineapple. A great shame that international economics of scale have caused the demise of truly local produce. Even in the grocery stores on-island, a good amount of their produce (pineapples included) comes from overseas. Those highly-prized, field-fresh, candy-sweet spiny treats, however, really prove the truth that “Maui no ka oi”!

  • Oh, and Star Noodle? You really have to eat there to believe it! Every single word of all the “hype” is well-deserved — possibly even understated 🙂

  • Carroll and Ben: I did get to Star Noodle. Stay tuned for my post tomorrow. 😉

  • Amazing post, Carolyn! I always fall head over heels in Hawaii too– but for the sun, sand, beach, AND food! Also, I had one of the best meals of my life at Alan Wongs– GREAT GREAT chef.

  • It sounds like they’ve got some seriously interesting things going on there in Maui! I’d love to visit…one day 🙂

  • Oh you make me want us to go to Hawaii tomorrow!! I so love tropical fruit and to be able to get it so fresh like that is amazing!!

  • It was wonderful meeting you in Maui and an honour to be judging next to you.

  • Waw, This is such a lovely post! I didn’t know that pineapple gew like that on the tree. Lovely! 🙂

  • The best pineapple juice I ever had! Whenever we go to Hawaii I drink huge amounts of this wonderful juice. I believe though the one found on Oahu is much better then the one on Maui. I wonder if they deliver 🙂 you can’t find anything even close to that here 🙁

  • Pingback: Plan ahead: Maui Ag Fest, April 6, 2013 « Eatizen Jane

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